What is Racial Discrimination?

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects individuals against employment discrimination on the basis of race and color.

Race discrimination involves treating an employee or job applicant unfavorably because of their race.  This can involve the color of their skin, or because of stereotypes or characteristics that are associated with a specific race (hair texture, facial features, etc).  And this can occur even when the person doing the discrimination is the same race as the victim.

Examples of Race Discrimination:

The most common kinds of racial discrimination revolve around the hiring, promoting, compensating, discipline and termination.  However, race discrimination can be seen in other areas as well.

  • Disparate Treatment – this is when one racial group is singled out or specifically treated unfairly.
  • Disparate Impact – this is when an employer applies a policy or practice that has a higher impact on a specific racial group.

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